Thus far researchers’ attention to agricultural problems has been rather narrow in focus— concerned primarily with preservation of agricultural products and creating more productive farming areas. Albeit not deny the importance of these issues, there is an urgent need to consider the agricultural problems from wider perspective. Upon the examination of the extant literature, we believe there are significant gaps that call for economics, business administration and internal relations perspectives. To this end, we are planning to hold a large scale conference, which covers variety of topics pertaining to rural development, agricultural management (with sub headings of product standardization, logistics, consumer behavior, finance, supply chain management), innovation, digital agriculture, climate change and food safety. To increase academic contribution of the conference, the selected articles will be published in Hacettepe University FEAS Journal (https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/huniibf).
Scholars are invited to submit novel proposals of sustainable agribusiness strategies and food systems. Thus, authors are invited to present accepted presentations during the Hacettepe University “Agriculture in the Anthropocene: Challenges & Opportunities” Conference 2022, October 27-28, 2022.
The conference covers following topics:
Economics in Agriculture
Based on economic development experiences, it is expected that the share of the agricultural sector in national income and employment will decrease in parallel with the increasing relative importance of the industry and service sectors in the development process. This trend has become questionable for developing countries, depending on the globalization dynamics that have made their effects observed in all economies since the 1990s. It is understood from the changes in the economic and social indicators in these countries that the importance of the agricultural sector is increasing, far from decreasing, for a significant part of the developing countries. If the problem is handled from the perspective of Turkey, the production and employment problems encountered in the agricultural sector continue to negatively affect macroeconomic variables, especially the increase in food prices. This situation deeply affects not only the people living in rural areas but also the welfare level of urban people. Therefore, it has become a necessity for economic policy makers to reconsider the economic dynamics in the agricultural sector under the title of "new agricultural problem".
Unlike previous periods, today's "agricultural problem" is multifaceted. Because the problem has a global scope in a world where all economies are open to trade, it necessitates the study of fundamental factors such as climate and environment. As a result, when solving agricultural problems, not only internal but also external factors should be considered, as in the past. The symposium's goal is to address the economic issues that contribute to Turkey's current agricultural problem within the context of several academic disciplines such as climate, environment, and migration. As a result, it is hoped that participants from various academic fields would contribute to the current problems in Turkish agriculture, which has both an economic and a social dimension.
Politics in Agriculture
Within the framework of Food Security, political economy approaches and agricultural policies will be evaluated within the lens of Sustainable Development Goals. It is aimed to explore the political factors that influence food distribution internationally and regionally, as well as distributional failures. Suggestions for agricultural trade and fisheries policies for a more fair food distribution on an international/regional scale will be made in this regard. New approaches to food security, international agricultural investments, food sovereignty, migration, productive land abandonment, and conversion to non-food crops will be the focus of this framework.
Business in Agriculture
The enterprises dealing with any part of agriculture conduct similar processes with many businesses as production, processing, or distribution. The agricultural industry has a huge potential to contribute to a country's economic prosperity by meeting the most basic human needs on a daily basis. With its critical position in the global economy, the sector's size is determined not only by the size of the land, but also by the amount of the economic value created. With its relatively tiny land area, the Netherlands, one of the world's top exporters, provides proof of this.
The key to success in agriculture, as in many other industries, is to develop efficient and effective operations from farm to customer. From farmers to governments, a wide range of stakeholders are involved at both the micro and macro levels. Environmental sustainability, which is intimately linked to the biological environment, is another important factor to consider alongside economic sustainability when developing effective agricultural systems. In other words, in both economic and environmental terms, long-term success is dependent on an effective, efficient, and sustainable agricultural supply chain. As a result, key business processes such as strategy management, marketing, operations management, and human resource management have specific reflections in the context of agribusinesses, necessitating research on agricultural businesses.
Food and agriculture supply chain management needs taking into account certain challenges that arise during farm to fork operations, which can be stated as follows: i) because products are perishable, food loss and waste can occur anywhere in the supply chain before goods reach the customer; (ii) product quality can be affected at any stage of the supply chain, including production, warehousing, and distribution; and (iii) food products, in particular, must be processed and kept at different temperatures at each supply chain stage, complicating process management. Apart from perishability challenges, practitioners and researchers have been paying increasing attention to the environmental (e.g., carbon footprint, distance between production and consumption, energy use, etc.) and social (e.g., child labor, local consumption, product waste, food security, etc.) externalities of food and agriculture supply chains. These problems necessitate the creation of cutting-edge supply chain and logistics solutions that can balance economic, environmental, and social considerations. Furthermore, during the last decade, food supply chain systems have seen a transformation from Sustainable Food Supply Chain Management to Sustainable Food Supply Chain Management 4.0, which includes the use of digital technology to improve resource utilization and productivity improvements. As a result of technical advancements, supply chain actors can make advances in terms of food waste reduction and preservation. Overall, cold chain, temperature and quality-controlled transportation, food safety and security, food tracking and tracing, sustainable logistics, use of digital technologies in food and agriculture, horizontal and vertical collaboration in food supply chains, food supply chain disruptions (Covid 19, natural calamities, wars, etc.) all deserve future researchers' attention when dealing with operational, tactical, or strategical agri-food supply chain problems. To that end, advanced decision support models that can capture current agri-food supply chain dynamics could help to establish Sustainable Agri-food Supply Chain Management that takes advantage of beneficial digital technology.
After the production of an agricultural product, one of the most significant and fundamental challenges is its transfer to the market and meeting customer needs. As a result, adopting the proper marketing methods will be critical for the agricultural economy. Standardization of value-added agricultural products, packaging, branding, and establishing an appropriate communication system between producer and consumer, as well as the supply chain, are all drivers of sustainable agriculture and food policy that lead to the success of farmers' marketing activities. Direct and indirect marketing channels may become two different alternatives of agricultural products. In this sense, agritourism can be used as a direct marketing option for agricultural products, with tourism able to stimulate demand in the agriculture sector, promote health and nutritious food, and strengthen the usage of local products. To that end, it looks that developing agritourism policies will be crucial in the future years.